. Prussia Cove - formerly known as Porthleah - can be found at the eastern end of Mounts Bay
and is reached by a narrow lane from Rosudgeon. The
cove had a reputation as a centre for smuggling operations as in former times
it was the stronghold of the notorious Carter family. By the
mid 18th. century smuggling in Cornwall was widespread
and had become a well oiled operation in which every social class was
implicated. High taxation was the major contributing factor combined with low
wages. One successful nights smuggling could earn a
man the equivalent of two weeks honest toil. Spirits, tobacco and tea were the
prime imports but the traffic in smuggling was by no means one-way. At one time
three quarters of all tin produced was exported illegally! The Carter family were primarily involved with smuggling spirits from France.
Harry - the elder of three brothers and a devout methodist
- was the first to become involved, building himself a boat with full crew and
carriage guns, and it was John - the second elder - who having adopted the
alias ''The King of Prussia" was soon to join him on his exploits. The ''King of Prussia" public house in Fowey
takes his name and was allegedly built on the proceeds of smuggling.