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This rugged stretch of coast= was once a thriving industrial area but is now a desolate landscape of ruined engine-houses and mine dumps and riddled with open shafts and underground workings. There can be no more fitting tribute to the pioneering spirit and engineering skill of the 18th. century Cornish miners than the engine-house= of the Crowns Mine at Botallack perched precariously on rocks at the foot of the cliff face in defia= nce of the elements. In the mid 19th. century an exploratory shaft was stru= ck out under the sea-bed for a third= of a mile. Miners working beneath = the ocean floor would often hear the sound of waves crashing and rocks shifting= or breaking above their heads. The nearby Levant Mine was the site of a major catastrophe in 1919 when a man-engine used to transport miners to and from = the surface failed resulting in the loss of 31 men.