Prior to the rebuilding of the old pier at the end of the sixteenth century, Newquay was known as Towan Blistra with pilchard fishing as the backbone of the community. A relic of these very different times is the 'huers hut', a small whitewashed building on Towan Head from which a continual lookout was kept for the all-important pilchard shoals. In Victorian times, the harbour was enlarged and a railway built primarily for the exportation of china clay. Shipbuilding too was an important industry for a century or more. Today the cliff-top town of Newquay has become Cornwalls premier tourist resort with every form of amenity and a choice of fine sandy beaches. The town has also established a reputation as the surfing centre of the United Kingdom and it is to the western side of the headland that Fistral Beach is located - a frequent host to both National and International level surfing competitions.