In the 18th. century St. Ives was the hub of a thriving fishing industry with enormous quantities of pilchards being landed and processed here. On one occasion 30 million fish were seined in one hour. The pilchards however left inshore waters around the turn of the century and the industry died. The railway came to St. Ives in 1877 and a new industry - that of tourism - was born. Artists too have been attracted here by this quaint huddled town with its narrow winding streets and by the quality of the light. By the 1900's a thriving artists colony was established here that would produce a wealth and diversity of talent almost unparalleled elsewhere. Names such as Bernard Leach, Barbara Hepworth, Peter Lanyon and Alfred Wallis are now among the artists whose work is celebrated in the spectacular Tate Gallery overlooking Porthmeor Beach.